RATIONALETransboundary water resources are increasing in importance as sources of freshwater worldwide. As much as 80% of water resources in the Mediterranean region are shared between two or more countries, and in N. Africa and the Middle East, transboundary groundwaters are the most important source of freshwater. The 2003 UN Report (UN WWDR, 2003) entitled “Water for Life Water for People”, listed 263 transboundary basins. These basins:
All available predictions agree that there
is a growing water scarcity and it is estimated
that within 25 years, two-thirds of the world’s
inhabitants will live in countries with serious
water problems. Growing demand, inadequate
water governance, excessive abstraction and
climate change coupled with the fact that
the quality of water is deteriorating in many
parts of the world due to pollution, has put
both surface and groundwater resources under
severe stress in many parts of the world.
Transboundary water resources additionally
face political, cultural and ethical challenges.
OBJECTIVES OF THE SYMPOSIUM
The aim of the IV International Symposium on Transboundary Waters Management (TWM IV) is threefold:
This fourth symposium will build on the experiences gained from the three previous symposiums (in Monterrey, Mexico in 2002, in Tucson, USA in 2004, and in Ciudad Real,, Spain in 2006), where water managers, policy makers, academics, consultants and representatives of international organisations and NGOs shared their experiences, technical advancements, knowledge and points of view relating to transboundary waters management.
STRUCTURE OF THE SYMPOSIUM
The structure of the symposium will facilitate both in-depth disciplinary workshop presentations and discussions, and plenary interdisciplinary exchange of views and suggestions for effective regional actions on sustainable TWM. The working language will be English.